In Borneo’s Tanjung Puting National Park, Camp Leakey is a Safe Haven for the Endangered Borneo Orangutan

This New York Times Science slideshow features the Endangered Borneo Orangutan, a primate that makes its home in Borneo’s rain forest. Orangutans once lived throughout much of South East Asia, but now 90 percent are found only in Indonesia and much of their habitat is threatened by illegal activities such as logging. Camp Leaky, a research and conservation facility located in Tanjung Puting National Park, is one of three research outposts that help to protect the orangutan.

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In the Malay language, “orang” means “person” and “utan” is derived from “hutan,” which means “forest.” The name of the orangutan, Asia’s only great ape, literally means “person of the forest.” These animals once lived throughout much of Southeast Asia, but now 90 percent of the world’s orangutans live in Indonesia. The endangered Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) numbers between 40,000 and 50,000, while the population of its critically endangered Sumatran counterpart (Pongo abelii) has dwindled to less than 7,000.